Use & Storage

Carbon Capture Use & Storage

Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is a proven, safe and reliable technology which the IPCC, IEA and European Commission consider key in most below-2°C scenarios.

It is used to capture the CO 2 emitted by power or industrial plants, to then reutilise it or store it in deep underground rock formations typically below 1000 meters.

CCS involves three different processes:

Capture: Isolating the CO2 produced by industrial processes or power generation before its emitted to the atmosphere.

Transportation: Moving the captured CO2 by pipeline or ship to a secure storage site.

Storage: Injecting the CO2 into carefully selected and managed naturally-formed underground
storage sites.

Carbon Capture, Use, and Storage (CCUS) includes also the utilisation of the CO2, putting Circular Economy principles into practice.

CCS technology can be applied to decarbonise natural gas:

  • Pre-combustion: producing clean hydrogen by reforming natural gas and storing the CO2
  • Post-combustion: by capturing and storing the CO2 emitted by gas processing or power plants

CCS can also enable negative emissions when combined with bioenergy (biomass or biogas

It is a cost-effective and key technology to safeguard existing industrial activity, jobs and growth while decarbonising economic activity to meet the EU climate objectives.

Explore Further in Resource Library
Explore Further in Resource Library